1. Because in Athens, there is the Monument where they
belong, that is the Parthenon.
2. Because in Athens, the Marbles will be exposed near
the Parthenon and in visual contact with it, so that the visitor will form a picture of
the Monument as a whole.
3. Because they constitute an inseparable part of the
monument- symbol of the Greek classic civilization at the moment of its acme. With the
returning of the Marbles, the unity of the decoration and the architectural cohesion will
4. Because the restoration of the Parthenon, which is the
emblem of UNESCO, is an obligation of the British, not only opposite the Greek, but also
opposite the universal cultural inheritance.
At the Acropolis there is in progress the top Greek
restoration program, which is one of the biggest and most important worldwide. This
program is accomplished on the basis of research, which undergoes international criticism,
through scientific meetings, and is approved as the law provides for, and the scientific
ethics. The works have already been completed at Erechtheum, they are been continued at
the Parthenon and at Propylaea and are about to begin at the Temple of Athena Victory.
Today’s works of the Parthenon restoration are mainly intended to: · the structural
maintenance · the surface maintenance · the highest degree of the sculptures’
protection · the correction of the place of formerly restored stones · the complementary
restoration of certain parts, mainly by using pieces of extant fallen stones, which are
still on the ground and belong to the Monument. This restoration program, which is in the
vanguard of the scientific research, pushes forward, in the most substantiated way, the
dramatical consequences of the mutilation of the Monument by Elgin and his collaborators.
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