Main factors of the achievement of the
above aims are :
a) The personality and training of the staff of all
sections and grades of education.
b) The syllabus , the school-books and other
teaching aids as well as their proper use.
c) The provision of all the necessary requirements
and means for the unhindered function of the schools .
d) The creation of the necessary pedagogic climate
with the development of harmonious relations in school and classroom and with respect to
each student’s personality.
Structure and stages of Education-Benefits
1. Primary Education is offered in Kindergartens and
Primary schools. Kindergartens may be part of centres, and function together with State
nursery schools (Nursery centres) .
2. Attending Primary School and Secondary School
(Gymnasium) is compulsory, as long as the student is under 16. Anyone who has custody of
the child and neglects his/her enrollment in school or supervision during his/her
attendance is punished according to Article 458 of the Criminal Code.
3. Students of Primary and Secondary Education with
special educational needs attend special schools or special classes in ordinary schools,
or even ordinary classes, in order to get the appropriate for each case special care and
4. Boys and girls attend the same Primary and
Secondary Schools (mixed schools).
5. The State provides free Primary and Secondary
6. Text books and Teachers’ books are free for
students and teachers. According to a decision by the Minister of Education, students may
be obliged to keep their books in good condition and give them back to school at the end
of the school year. There may be penalties for students who do not do their duty and for
those who have their custody.
7. Running costs of schools are met with government
subsidies to the local government which is responsible for the appropriation and handling
of the relevant credits. Any remainder not assigned to use goes back to the State budget
at the end of each financial year.
8. Students who live far from the school may be
transported free or receive free accommodation and meals in the area of the school. If
transportation is impossible or there are no prerequisites for free accommodation and
meals, the students may get a monthly allowance.
9. Students of Lyceums and Technical schools may get
10. The State covers the expenses for medical care
or hospitalization of students who had an accident while working in the laboratories of
technical lyceums, technical schools, as long as the expenses are not covered by direct or
11. A common decision by the Minister of Education,
the Minister of Finance, the Home Office and the Minister of Public Order in the cases of
paragraphs 7 and 8 and by the Minister of Health, Welfare and Social Security in the cases
10, settles the way to cover the expenses, the
requirements and all the relevant details for the enforcement of this article. The
necessary credits are drawn out of the expenses budget of the Ministry of Education and